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JUNE 2018 FYI FOR PET’S SAKE

AN ELECTRONIC NEWSLETTER BY SYLVANIAVET FOR PET LOVERS EVERYWHERE

REMEMBER TO GIVE YOUR DOG AND CAT THEIR MOTHLY HEARTWORM, FLEA, AND TICK PREVENTIVE

SYLVANIAVET: AAHA INSPECTED AND CERTIFIED SINCE 1978 - ONLY GOLD STANDARD AAFP PRACTICE IN NW OHIO

A CHAMPION OF EXCELLENCE

VOTED BEST VET MULTIPLE TIMES IN POLLS OF TOLEDO CITY PAPER (11 YEARS), TOLEDO PARENT MAGAZINE (4 YEARS), AND MATURE LIVING MAGAZINE (2 YEARS)

IN THIS ISSUE: RABIES, DR JOHN, SUGAR DIABETES, GASTROPEXY, BRACHIOCEPHALIC SYNDROME, HYPERTHYROIDISM, AND MORE

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RECENTLY A BAT IN LUCAS COUNTY TESTED POSITIVE FOR RABIES. The reason we recommend that all dogs and cats receive their rabies vaccine was emphasized with this news. Bats can and do get inside homes, and both dogs and cats may be tempted to try to catch the bat, creating an exposure risk. IT IS VERY IMPORTANT THAT ALL DOGS AND CATS BE KEPT UP TO DATE ON THEIR RABIES VACCINE REGARDLESS OF LIFESTYLE. 

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WE USUALLY LIKE TO START OUR FYI FOR PET’S SAKE WITH USEFUL AND UPLIFITING INFORMATION. However, this month we start with a very bittersweet announcement. Dr. John McCarty has elected to move to Cincinnati and join his aunt’s veterinary practice. The opportunity to become an owner of a family practice, compounded with the chance to get back to southern Ohio where he has family and where he earned his undergrad degree, was too great to pass up. This, of course, means that Dr John’s fiancée Brandy –who was a longterm senior tech here at SVH- and their infant son, Conor, will be leaving us as well. We have learned to admire Dr. John’s care and caring for both you and your pets, and will greatly miss his skills. Dr John’s last day at SylvaniaVET will be Friday, June 29.

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DIABETES MELLITUS, ALSO CALLED “SUGAR DIABETES”, IS A PROBLEM IN BOTH DOGS AND CATS.  In most cases of DM, the pet requires daily doses of insulin. However, many cats can be managed primarily with diet only or a very low dose of insulin. Dogs almost always require higher doses of insulin. In all cases in which insulin is prescribed, must be given regularly. Exercise is critical to the control of DM in dogs. Twenty to thirty minutes of daily exercise has been found to reduce the dependence on insulin. The exercise must be considered a part of the dogs DM management plan and not an after thought or a periodic event. Obese cats are DM in waiting and in almost all cases show blood sugar levels in the prediabetic range. All cats should eat a diet of 50:50 canned and dry from kittenhood. This will decrease the change of obesity and help prevent DM. Dry food only diets fed through a gravity feeder is an unacceptable way to feed your cat. Dry food should have no more than 15% carbohydrates; low carbohydrates and high fiber diets are beneficial in controlling DM in dogs as well.

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LARGE BREED AND DEEP CHESTED DOGS ARE AT RISK FOR A SERIOUS SURGICAL EMERGENCY CALLED GASTRIC TORSION. Gastric torsion develops when the stomach “flips over and blocks the junction of the esophagus and stomach just inside the abdomen. If you have a dog, particularly an “at risk” breed, and it develops a sudden distention of the abdomen just behind the left rib cage, begins acting restless, retching or vomiting up foamy saliva, and panting, it is important that you call our emergency service immediately. If your dog is diagnosed with gastric torsion, immediate surgery can save its life.  The sooner the stomach is reduced and returned to its normal position the greater the likelihood of survival.  Once de-rotated, the stomach is tacked (gastropexy) to the abdominal wall, which will prevent a reoccurrence of a torsion. We highly recommend that all at-risk large breed dogs have an elective gastropexy at the time of spay or neuter, or any time after its major growth period.

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MONITORING BLOOD PRESSURE IN DOGS AND CATS IS NOT A SIMPLE PROCESS. We use what is considered the gold standard of monitors, PARKS DOPPLER. The normal systolic blood pressure in a cat and dog is 150 or less. Kidney disease, heart disease, and Cushing’s disease are a few of the cases that can affect blood pressure. Our testing of older pets for health status or preanesthetic screening includes a blood pressure test. A pet with high blood pressure can be medicated if needed, and the blood pressure controlled.

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DRY EYE, KERITITIS SICCA (KSC), IS A COMMON OCCURANCE IN OLDER DOG BREEDS WITH BULGING EYES, (PUGS, SHI TZU, LHASA APSO AND OTHERS). The lack of tears causes chronic infection, crusty eye lids, pigmented cornea, and chronic discomfort.  We diagnose KCS with a test called a Shirmmer tear test.  Artificial tears or medications like cyclosporin or tacrolimus drops are used to control the affects of KCS.

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BRACHIOCHEPHALIC DOGS (BULL DOGS, PUGS AND ALL OTHER SHORT NOSED BREEDS) ARE AT RISK FOR RESPIRATORY DISTRESS FROM SMALL NOSTRIL OPENINGS AND AN ELONGATED SOFT PALATE. This syndrome is potentially hazardous to your pet’s health and longevity. Noisy breathing, snoring, and retching up fluid or foods are not normal behaviors and should be addressed. Surgery to open the nostril and shorten the soft palate is not difficult and can eliminate much of the respiratory distress. Controlling the pet’s weight will also help. If you have one of these short nosed cuties, be sure to ask us about brachiocephalic surgery. You and your pet could benefit greatly!

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WE ARE OCCASSIONALLY ASKED WHAT IS THE OLDEST PET YOU HAVE SEEN? Many years ago, a young man presented for evaluation a cat that he claimed was 30 years old. When Dr. Bob asked why he brought in the cat, his comment was, “to see if you can do anything for him”. During the examination, Dr. Bob asked about the cat’s diet, as it was quite thin and chronically dehydrated but sill alert and active.  “I offer about 6 cans of food daily and he just licks off the gravy”, was the young mans answer. “Given that we are celebrating when a cat reaches 20 years old, a feline this old and frail would not benefit from anything I could offer. I am sure that trying treatment for any condition would upset his aged status and speed his demise. Just take him home and continue what you have been doing”, was Dr. Bob’s advice.

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SYLVANIAVET HOSTS DOG TRAINING CLASSES OFFERED BY JAY BARMAN OF BINGO DOG TRAINING. There are new classes starting in June! Classes include Puppy 1, Tricks with Clicks, and Family Dog Fundamentals. Call today to reserve your spot!

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PLANS FOR THIS YEARS PET PALOOZA ARE MOVING ALONG! THE EVENT IS SCHEDULE FOR SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 23rd. Rescues are committing to bringing animals needing forever homes, games for kids and adults are taking shape, entertainment is booked, and other activities are being planned. Come celebrate the human animal bond and have fun on an early fall afternoon. Stay tuned for more details! If you would like to be a vendor or get involved in any way, call Julianna at 419-885-4421.

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LYME DISEASE IS A SERIOUS TICK TRANSMITTED DISEASE OF DOGS AND HUMANS.  There is a high-quality vaccine to help protect your dog against this bacterial disease. We do not recommend the vaccine for all dogs, but do suggest it for at risk dogs. If you live in a heavy tick area (Swanton, Waterville, Whitehouse, Oak Openings, just to name a few) or plan to visit one, we suggest you consider the Lyme vaccine. Of course, using good tick prevention such as Simparica or Nextgard is critical to Lyme disease prevention. When your dog is tested annually with our 4DX+ heartworm blood test, it also checks for Lyme disease. If your pet is diagnosed with any tick transmitted disease, we recommend you check with your doctor to see if they want to screen you as well.  Humans should check themselves and their pets daily for ticks, especially if they’ve been in high-risk areas.

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WARTS ARE A VIRAL DISEASE CAUSED BY THE PAPILLOMA VIRUS. Dogs that go to day care, the dog park, or other places where dogs gather are at risk for warts. They are easily contagious between dogs that play with each other. In most cases warts will self-limit in a period of weeks. The dog should not go to day care etc. until two weeks after the warts are gone. The most common place for warts to develop are the mouth and lips. Minor surgery to remove them can speed recovery. Cryo (freezing) surgery to freeze them is an option that does not require the surgical process.  We do this procedure as an outpatient procedure in the exam room.

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HYPERTHYROIDISM OF CATS WAS FIRST DIAGNOSED AT THE ANIMAL MEDICAL CENTER IN NEW YORK IN THE EARLY 1970’S. The signs of hyperthyroidism are increased appetite, weight loss, behavioral changes, and the development of a heart murmur. Recent epidemiological studies have found what they think is the cause of hyperthyroid disease. The appearance of the disease and location of many of the cases parallels the increased use of fire retardants in carpet, upholstery, and sleepwear. It is felt that the heaving grooming of cats causes them to ingest molecules of the Bromine based fire retardant. The Bromine competes with Iodine and caused the benign tumor associated with iodine deficiency. Countries that do not require fire retardants do not have hyperthyroidism in their cats.

            There are four ways to treat hyperthyroid disease:

  1. A special diet called Hills y/d can be fed exclusively to the affected cat and it will slowly control the signs. It is being learned that after a period y/d may stop working as the cat’s body accommodates to the iodine deficiency of y/d.
  2. Oral medication called Tapazole or Felimizole can be give twice daily to control the effects of the overactive thyroid gland. Regular monitoring of T4 blood levels and the bone marrow are necessary to the long-term control. Recent finding is showing a concern of the development of thyroid adenocarcinoma cancer in cat being treated with the oral medication.
  3. Surgery to remove the affected thyroid gland is effective and safe. We have done this surgery many times.
  4. The most complete treatment is referral for I 131 radioactive iodine therapies. The pet must go to a licensed referral center and spend 4-7 days for this non-invasive treatment. The cost of I 131 treatment is $1400-1600.

SYLVANIAVET SPONSORS A PET LOSS SUPPORT GROUP THAT MEETS EVERY 2ND TUESDAY AT CHRIST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. Linda Bell is the trained pet loss counselor and runs each meeting. We greatly appreciate her dedication to helping pet owners in need of help coping with the loss of their pet. Linda is a real gem and we are lucky to have her skills as part of the team. Meetings are held from 7-8:30 PM, no appointment is necessary.          

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HAVE A GREAT JUNE, AND HAPPY FATHERS DAY

FROM THE STAFF OF SYLVANIAVET

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